CASE (Connected, Autonomous, Shared & Services, Electric) is a key emerging concept in the mobility industry.
A panel discussion with the title "Co-Creation for Innovation in the Mobility Society" brought together representatives from Fujitsu, HERE Technologies and FOMM. Prior to the panel discussion with the moderator, each speaker described their co-creation initiatives and contributions in the area of mobility solutions.
Fujitsu Forum 2018 Conference Report
Fujitsu Collaborations on CASE Platforms
First to the lectern was Fujitsu's own Shikou Kikuta, who talked about Fujitsu initiatives in the CASE domain. Next, the presenters described their co-creation work on future mobility solutions.
Fujitsu is developing a platform for CASE together with a number of partners. The aim is to supply vehicle data to a range of industries other than auto makers, as part of Fujitsu's commitment to pursuing the development of mobility solutions across multiple industries.
Connected--image data compression, OTA and security benefits
What does Connected mean? It means aggregating ever-expanding volumes of vehicle data in the cloud. The volume of data is expected to increase ten-fold between 2015 and 2020, and 100-fold by 2030. Much of this will be external sensing data, particularly image data, and generated by vehicles. In a bid to reduce overall data volumes, Fujitsu has developed an image data compression system that drastically reduces image size. Other solutions include an OTA (over-the-air) platform providing wireless access to vehicle software and features updates, and security solutions against threats caused by vehicles being connected to the Internet.
Fujitsu's technology enables raw image data to be shrunk up to 1,000 times with the image compression algorithms. We have been collaborating with our partners so that compression is performed by the on-board ECU before uploading to the cloud, thereby reducing both data transfer volumes and storage capacity.
Development of OTA (over-the-air) reprogramming solutions, a joint initiative of Fujitsu and VMware, was prompted by the increasingly crucial role of on-board software. Program code for self-driving cars is said to run to around 300 million steps. The software has to be updated constantly with enhancements and modifications, including new features and services as they become available. Fujitsu is helping to develop the OTA platform that will be used to deliver software updates.
Data transmission between on-board ECUs and networks will initially be secured via encrypted message authentication and key management. Since new threats are expected to appear in the future, Fujitsu Laboratories is also developing algorithms to identify unusual activity and discrepancies. These can be used to design on-board security patches that are dispatched via the OTA platform.
Autonomous--high-precision mapping system featuring SLAM
Now let's look at the Autonomous aspect of the project. The Japanese government has committed to producing high-precision maps of 30,000 km of highways and expressways. In total Japan has around 1.2 million km of roads, including minor roads in regional areas. Self-driving cars use dynamic mapping, which combines live (dynamic) information with high-precision maps of all types of roads. Fujitsu is working closely with map providers to develop systems for supplying high-precision maps to the self-driving vehicles of the future.
Another project at the early R&D stage uses SLAM self-positioning estimates generated by standard on-board cameras to produce mapping information for uploading to the cloud. Vehicle-generated mapping information is then compared to the existing map in the cloud. Where new features such as roads and buildings are identified, these are used to update existing maps. In combination with high-resolution 3-D maps and mapping systems supplied by HERE Technologies, who we will hear from shortly, Fujitsu will supply maps to the self-driving cars of the future on a global scale.
Shared & Services--Matching providers with end users, and Providing secure authentication through FIDO
The third aspect is sharing. Fujitsu has considerable experience in matching algorithms that are used to generate on-demand services at the business level, as well as secure authentication systems at the individual level.
Fujitsu is creating algorithms that match the needs of end users with those of providers. AI matching systems are featured in a ride-sharing service used by Date city in Fukushima prefecture, multimodal services in Europe, and a taxi optimization system developed in conjunction with a university in Singapore.
FIDO is a secure, user-friendly cloud-based biometric authentication system developed by Fujitsu that combines fingerprint, iris and palm vein recognition technology. FIDO has many potential applications in the mobility field, for instance, identifying the current driver and automatically adjusting the driving position, or downloading music according to known preferences.
Electric--battery life cycle management and energy-efficient navigation
The final aspect is electrification. Here, Fujitsu is working with FOMM, who we will hear from shortly, on a service called Battery Cloud® Service. It uses AI to determine the impact of factors such as weather, maps and slope angle on vehicle power requirements. We are also working with HERE Technologies to develop a navigation system for electric vehicles that identifies the most energy-efficient route in terms of power consumption (the equivalent of fuel economy in a petrol-driven car).
As you can see, Fujitsu is closely involved in all four aspects of CASE. But we cannot do it alone, which is why we are working with a number of partners in developing our vision of safe, secure and environmentally friendly mobility solutions for the exciting new world of the future.
Open Location Platform for an Autonomous World
At HERE Technologies, we have over 30 years of experience in map production and location services, and have mapped some 200 countries around the world. Our fleet of 400 vehicles generates 700,000 pieces of 3-D location data per second, equivalent to 28 TB per day. The data is synthesized to create detailed maps and to provide over one million real-time map updates. Our maps are used by over 100 million vehicles every day all around the world. In Europe and North America, four out of five vehicles use mapping data from HERE Technologies.
Linking location information to useful data is the first step in creating innovative new solutions
The world today is facing many challenges, particularly population growth and urban overconcentration, which lead to traffic congestion and environmental issues. Making the world more efficient is one solution at the fundamental level, but this requires effective coordination of vast amounts of data. To this end, we need to link together different forms of data. This is where location information plays an important role. We can embed location information in disparate data types and use that to bind them together. At HERE Technologies, we call this The Reality Index.
The Reality Index and Open Location Platform for Autonomous World
The Reality Index is a resource that comprises 3-D maps and real-time traffic updates together with location data and information about facilities, vehicles, people and places. By digitizing the known world and linking different forms of information, the Reality Index provides a useful tool for developing meaningful solutions for key challenges in the world today.
All information resides on the Open Location Platform, which we use to provide our partners with a range of opportunities. Mountains of data from sensors, smart city infrastructure, urban mobility machines and IoT devices are aggregated and analyzed using AI and machine learning techniques. Partner companies use the data outputs to create innovative solutions.
Our vision of the autonomous world goes well beyond self-driving cars and the latest HAD (highly automated driving) systems. Our ultimate aim is to create a more secure and more efficient world by using location information to bind various different forms of information. Advanced techniques such as machine learning can be used to analyze the aggregated data for the benefit of all. Data can also be used to make our lives better in terms of comfort and convenience.
HERE Technologies uses CASE to collaborate on high-precision maps
To date, HERE Technologies has been sourcing sensor data from a number of auto manufacturers. Data is analyzed in combination with location information then pushed to individual vehicles. Car manufacturers are increasingly interested in sensor data as a potential revenue stream. Sensors can provide useful information about the road environment, for example. This will lead to more powerful and accurate sensors for self-driving vehicles.
HERE Technologies cannot achieve all of this in isolation, which is why we are working with a number of partners, including Fujitsu. And we look forward to partnering with many more innovative businesses in future. Why not join us in our quest to create the Autonomous World.
FOMM ONE Compact Mobility to Launch in Thailand from the Beginning of 2019
Next, CEO of FOMM Corporation, Hideo Tsurumaki, described his company's grand vision for society.
Let me begin by telling you a little about the FOMM ONE. It's a four-wheeled vehicle that's midway between a car and a motorbike in terms of size, equivalent to the L7e category in European standards. Previously there was no such category in Thailand, where we will be launching the FOMM ONE later in the year, but we lobbied to have it introduced, and this happened last March. With a top speed of 80 km/h, the FOMM ONE is even allowed on expressways in Thailand.
The FOMM ONE is a compact mobility solution designed with simplicity in mind. We have eliminated production processes such as painting, metal pressing and welding--after assembly and inspection, the product is ready to ship. The FOMM ONE also uses standardized parts to keep costs down. We plan to build around 10,000 units per year at small-scale "micro-fab" production sites around the world, as well as the mother factory in Thailand.
Battery Cloud® Service eliminates range anxiety
The fear of running out of power in an electric vehicle, known as range anxiety, is considered a major barrier to adoption. Battery Cloud®, a registered trademark of FOMM, is a smartphone app that provides EV drivers with useful information such as battery updates and the locations of nearby battery swap stations. It can also be used by administrators to manage battery demand. In Thailand, FOMM is partnering with petrol station operators to open battery swap points at existing petrol stations. Station Staff will simply pull in, replace their deteriorated battery for a fully-charged battery, then drive out again. The Battery Cloud Service will run on Fujitsu servers where information is centrally managed, using Fujitsu technology and platforms. Delegating battery management in exchange for a monthly fee allows us to minimize the initial setup costs.
Kinton Sharing combines autonomously-driving vehicles with car sharing schemes
As we heard earlier, FOMM is also working on the development of autonomously-driving vehicles. This includes Kinton Sharing, which combines autonomously-driving vehicles with the concept of car sharing. Kinton Sharing works like this. You book a autonomously-driving car via an app on your smartphone. The car autonomously navigates to your location. You authenticate the car via the app before boarding. Although the car can drive itself, ideally you would drive it to your destination. When you arrive, there is no need to look for a parking space. You simply get out and leave the car to drive itself to the nearest available car park.
We plan to launch a low-cost Kinton Sharing package in Southeast Asia in the near future. The success or failure of car sharing services will depend on the number of depots in the network. At the same time, one of the major benefits of car sharing is that it does away with the need for car parks.
Next page : Part 2 Panel Discussion